Promoción de funciones ejecutivas en adolescentes con desarrollo típico: revisión sistemática



Palabras clave:

funcionamiento ejecutivo, adolescencia, funciones ejecutivas frías, funciones ejecutivas calientes


Durante la adolescencia, las funciones ejecutivas frías y calientes aún se están desarrollando, lo que hace importante evaluar e intervenir si hay cambios. El presente estudio tiene como objetivo identificar, a través de una revisión sistemática, qué intervenciones en funciones ejecutivas han sido estudiadas en adolescentes típicos, se incluyen funciones ejecutivas calientes y frías, y se busca identificar los efectos de estas intervenciones en dicha población. La búsqueda se realizó según el método PRISMA en la base de datos PubMed. De los 315 estudios hallados inicialmente, solo cinco artículos pasaron los criterios de exclusión y el análisis por parte de los jueces. Los estudios seleccionados revelaron un mayor efecto de las intervenciones sobre las funciones ejecutivas frías que sobre las calientes; lo que puede corroborar datos previos que sugieren que las funciones ejecutivas calientes tardan más en estimularse que las frías. Solo uno de los cinco estudios estimuló conjuntamente las funciones ejecutivas frías y calientes, lo que revela la necesidad de más investigación en el área. El pequeño número de artículos seleccionados, a pesar de limitar las conclusiones, refuerza la necesidad de realizar más investigaciones sobre la intervención en funciones ejecutivas frías y calientes en adolescentes con desarrollo típico.


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Cómo citar

Nunes, L. G., Lopes, C. C., Ribeiro, C. F., Marques, C. F. P., Mota, I. Z., de Padua Alves, L., & Seabra, A. G. (2023). Promoción de funciones ejecutivas en adolescentes con desarrollo típico: revisión sistemática. Ciencias Psicológicas, 17(2), e–2805.