Suicidio y población trans: una revisión de alcance

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22235/cp.v16i1.2501

Palabras clave:

personas transgénero, suicidio, factores de protección, factores de riesgo

Resumen

En comparación con las personas cisgénero, las personas transgénero tienen altos índices de suicidio. El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo analizar los factores protectores y de riesgo asociados. A partir de una revisión de alcance de la literatura, se utilizaron los datos publicados en los últimos cinco años en las siguientes bases de datos: Medline, Lilacs y PubMed. Los descriptores utilizados fueron: personas trans y suicidio. De los 360 estudios encontrados, 22 cumplieron los criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Los resultados muestran que el suicidio entre la población trans está vinculado a estresores sociales y la discriminación, los prejuicios, la mala aceptación familiar, las escasas oportunidades laborales son los principales factores explicativos. Se dio cuenta de que la depresión, el abuso de sustancias tiene una correlación positiva con el comportamiento suicida y el suicidio. Así, se sugiere realizar investigaciones nacionales e internacionales, enfocadas en políticas públicas que brinden una mejor calidad de vida a las personas trans.

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Citas

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Publicado

2022-04-05

Cómo citar

Gomes, H. V., de Jesus, L. A. ., da Silva, C. P. G. ., Freire, S. E. de A., & de Araújo, L. F. (2022). Suicidio y población trans: una revisión de alcance. Ciencias Psicológicas, 16(1), e–2501. https://doi.org/10.22235/cp.v16i1.2501

Número

Sección

ARTÍCULOS ORIGINALES