Impactos psicológicos de la COVID-19 en la parentalidad y el comportamiento infantil en familias brasileñas: efectos de mediación de la salud mental positiva de los padres



Palabras clave:

parentalidad, comportamiento infantil, salud mental, COVID-19, pandemia


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar los impactos psicológicos de la pandemia de COVID-19 en la salud mental positiva de los padres, la parentalidad y el comportamiento de los niños. Participaron 150 padres, en su mayoría mujeres (82 %), con una edad media de 38 años (DE = 5.4), madres de niños entre 3 y 11 años (M = 6.1; DE = 2.5). Los resultados muestran que los impactos psicológicos de la pandemia de COVID-19 tuvieron un efecto mediador a través de la salud mental de los padres en el comportamiento del niño; sin embargo, no tuvo un efecto significativo sobre la parentalidad. Nuestros resultados confirman algunas expectativas reportadas por investigadores brasileños e internacionales, quienes predijeron deficiencias en la vida diaria de las familias y el comportamiento de los niños durante el período de aislamiento social.


Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.


Beauchaine, T. P. & Klein, D. N. (2017). Classifying Psychopatology: The DSM, empirically based taxonomies and the research domain criteria. In. T. P. Beauchaine, S. P. Hinshaw (Eds.), Child and Adolescent Psychopathology (3rd ed., pp. 33–67). Wiley.

Belsky, J. (1984). The Determinants of Parenting: A Process Model. Child Development, 55(1), 83-96.

Bigras, M. & Dessen, M. A. (2002). Social Competence and Behavior Evaluation in Brazilian preschoolers. Early Education and Development, (13), 139-151.

Böing, E. & Crepaldi, M. A. (2016). Relação pais e filhos: Compreendendo o interjogo das relações parentais e coparentais. Educar em Revista, (59), 17-33.

Brailovskaia, J. & Margraf, J. (2020). Predicting adaptive and maladaptive responses to the Coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak: A prospective longitudinal study. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 20(3), 183-191.

Brown, S., Doom, J., Watamura, S. E., Lechuga-Pena, S., & Koppels, T. (2020). Stress and Parenting during the Global COVID-19 Pandemic. Child Abuse & Neglect, 110(2), 104699.

Cabrera, N. J. & Volling, B. L. (2019). Moving research on fathering and children’s development forward: Priorities and recommendations for the future. In B. L. Volling & N. J. Cabrera (Eds.), Advancing research and measurement on fathering and children’s development (1st ed., pp. 107-117). Monographs of the Society for Research on Child Development.

Carvalho, C. & Cruz, O. (2018). Disciplinary behaviors in mothers of preschool children: Effects of maternal efficacy beliefs, children’s gender and age, and mothers’ education. Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas), 35(4), 433-443.

Chung, G., Lanier, P., & Wong, P. Y. J. (2020). Mediating Effects of Parental Stress on Harsh Parenting and Parent-Child Relationship during Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic in Singapore. Journal of Family Violence, (37), 801-812.

Coltro, B. P., Paraventi, L., & Vieira, M. L. (2020). Relações entre parentalidade e apoio Social: revisão integrativa de literatura. Contextos Clínicos, 13(1), 244-269.

Conway, L. G., Woodard, S. R., & Zubrod, A. (2020). Social psychological measurements of COVID-19: Coronavirus perceived threat, government response, impacts, and experiences questionnaires.

Eltanamly, H., Leijten, P., Jak, S., & Overbeek, G. (2019). Parenting in times of war: a meta-analysis and qualitative synthesis of war exposure, parenting, and child adjustment. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 22(1), 147-160.

Fleitlich, B., Cortázar, P. G., & Goodman, R. (2000). Questionário de capacidades e dificuldades (SDQ). Infanto-Revista de Neuropsiquiatria da Infância e Adolescência, 8(1), 44-50.

Fontanesi, L., Marchetti, D., Mazza, C., Di Giandomenico, S., Roma, P., & Verrocchio, M. C. (2020). The effect of the COVID-19 lockdown on parents: A call to adopt urgent measures. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 12(1), 79-81.

Gassman-Pines, A., Ananat, E. O., & Fitz-Henley, J. (2020). COVID-19 and parent-child psychological well-being. Pediatrics, 146(3), e2020007294.

Goodman, J. L. & Borio, L. (2020). Finding effective treatments for COVID-19 scientific integrity and public confidence in a time of crisis. Journal of American Medical Association, 16(4), e1-e2.

Holmes, E. A., O'Connor, R. C., Perry, V. H., Tracey, I., Wessely, S., Arseneault, L., Ballard, C., Christensen, H., Silver, R. C., Everall, I., Ford, T., John, A., Kabir, T., King, K., Madan, I., Michie, S., Przybylski, A. K., Shafran, R., Sweeney, A., ... & Bullmore, E. (2020). Multidisciplinary research priorities for the COVID-19 pandemic: a call for action for mental health science. The Lancet Psychiatry, 7(6), 547-560.

Iasiello, M., van Agteren, J., & Cochrane, E. M. (2020). Mental health and/or mental illness: A scoping review of the evidence and implications of the dual-continua model of mental health. Evidence Base, 2020(1), 1-45.

Jiao, W. Y., Wang, L. N., Liu. J., Fang, S. F., Jiao, F. Y., Pettoello-Mantovani, M., & Somekh, E. (2020). Behavioral and Emotional Disorders in Children during the COVID-19 Epidemic. The Journal of Pediatrics, (221), 264-266.

Kim, S. & Kochanska, G. (2015). Mothers’ power assertion: children’s negative, adversarial orientation: and future behavior problems in low-income families: early maternal responsiveness as a moderator of the developmental cascade. Journal of Family Psychology, 29(1), 1-9.

Kline, R. B. (2016). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling (4th ed.). The Guilford Press.

Koltermann, J. P., Souza, C. D., Bueno, R. K., Paraventi, L., & Vieira, M. L. (2019). Openness to the world by fathers and mothers of preschoolers in two-parent families. Paidéia, (29), e2934.

Lau, E. Y. H. (2019). Parenting and childhood aggression in the Chinese context: an examination of parental responses, physical coercion and warmth. Early Years, 39(1), 36-50.

Li, S., Wang, Y., Xue, J., Zhao, N., & Zhu, T. (2020). The impact of COVID-19 epidemic declaration on psychological consequences: A study on active weibo users. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(6), 2032.

Linhares, M. B. M. & Enumo, S. R. F. (2020). Reflections based on Psychology about the effects of COVID-19 pandemic on child development. Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas), (37).

Machado, W. de L. & Bandeira, D. R. (2015). Positive mental health scale: Validation of the mental health continuum - short form. Psico-USF, 20(2), 259-274.

North, C. S. (2016). Disaster mental health epidemiology: Methodological review and interpretation of research findings. Psychiatry (New York), 79(2), 130-146.

Ong, M. Y., Eilander, J., Saw, S. M., Xie, Y., Meaney, M. J., & Broekman, B. F. P. (2018). The influence of perceived parenting styles on socio-emotional development from pre-puberty into puberty. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 27(1), 37-46.

Osofsky, J. D., Osofsky, H. J., & Mamon, L. Y. (2020). Psychological and social impact of COVID-19. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 12(5), 468-469.

Pan American Health Organization. (2020, March 11). WHO characterizes COVID-19 as a pandemic.

Paraventi, L. (2018). Construction and validity evidences of a parenting dimensions measure for fathers and mothers of preschool children [Master’s thesis, Federal University of Santa Catarina]. Institutional Repository of the Federal University of Santa Catarina.

Rodríguez-Rey, R., Garrido-Hernansaiz, H., & Collado, S. (2020). Psychological impact and associated factors during the initial stage of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic among the general population in Spain. Frontiers in psychology, (11), 1540.;

Romero, E., López-Romero, L., Domínguez-Álvarez, B., Villar, P., & Gómez-Fraguela, J. A. (2020). Testing the effects of COVID-19 confinement in Spanish children: The role of parents’ distress, emotional problems and specific parenting.

Rosseel, Y. (2012). lavaan: An R package for structural equation modeling. Journal of Statistical Software, 48(2), 1-36.

Russell, B. S., Hutchison, M., Tambling, R., Tomkunas, A. J., & Horton, A. L. (2020). Initial challenges of caregiving curing COVID-19: Caregiver burden, mental health, and the parent-child relationship. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, (51), 671-682.

Salloum, A. & Lewis, M. (2010). An exploratory study of African American parent-child coping strategies post-hurricane Katrina. Traumatology, 16(1), 31-41.

Sanders, M. R. & Turner, K. M. T. (2018). The importance of parenting in influencing the lives of children. In M. R. Sanders & A. Morawska (Eds.), Handbook of parenting and child development across the lifespan (1st ed., pp. 3-26). Springer International Publishing.

Schneider, W., Waldfogel, J., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (2017). The great recession and risk for child abuse and neglect. Child Youth Services Review, (72), 71-81.

Spinelli, M., Lionetti, F., Pastore, M., & Fasolo, M. (2020). Parents' stress and children's psychological problems in families facing the COVID-19 outbreak in Italy. Frontiers in Psychology, (11), 1713.

Taraban, L. & Shaw, D. S. (2018). Parenting in context: revisiting Belsky’s classic process of parenting model in early childhood. Developmental Review, (48), 55-81.

Yumbul, C., Wieling, E., & Celik, H. (2018). Mother–child relationships following a disaster: The experiences of turkish mothers living in a container city after the 2011 van earthquake. Contemporary Family Therapy, 40(3), 237-248.

Whittle, S., Bray, K. O., Lin, S., & Schwartz, O. (2020). Parenting and child and adolescent mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic.




Cómo citar

Souza, C. D. de, Coltro, B. P., Paraventi, L., Lunkes, S. ., Garcia, M. E., & Vieira, M. L. (2022). Impactos psicológicos de la COVID-19 en la parentalidad y el comportamiento infantil en familias brasileñas: efectos de mediación de la salud mental positiva de los padres. Ciencias Psicológicas, 16(2), e–2363.




Artículos más leídos del mismo autor/a