Modelos relacionales y conflicto trabajo-familia: un estudio con muestras de Brasil y los Estados Unidos de América


  • Alexsandro Luiz de Andrade Departamento de Psicologia, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo. Brasil
  • Manoela Ziebell de Oliveira Escola de Ciências da Saúde, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul. Brasil
  • Cari M.M.H. Knowles Department of Psychology, University of Hawaii. United States of America
  • Haroldo de Carvalho Bonifácio Neto Departamento de Psicologia, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo. Brasil
  • Elaine Hatfield Department of Psychology, University of Hawaii. United States of America


Palabras clave:

conflicto trabajo-familia, teoría del apego, estudio transcultural, estilos de apego, cuestionario breve de apego


La teoría del apego busca entender cómo los lazos emocionales pueden afectar diferentes aspectos de la vida de las personas a través del continuo de la vida. Este estudio tiene como objetivo comprender cómo los patrones de estilos de apego ansiosos y evasivos explican las dimensiones de conflictos trabajo-familia: interferencia de trabajo con la familia (ITF) e interferencia familiar con el trabajo (IFT). Para lograr esto, los datos fueron recolectados a través de dos cuestionarios con muestras de Brasil y de los Estados Unidos de América. La muestra incluyó a 676 personas mayores de 18 años, 369 de Brasil y 307 de EUA. Los resultados demostraron que el estilo de ansioso se relaciona y predice ambas dimensiones del conflicto trabajo-familia. Por su parte, el estilo evitativo fue predictivo solo para participantes de los EUA. Estos resultados acentúan la importancia de la investigación de los estilos de apego y sus interacciones con las demandas de trabajo y familia.


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Cómo citar

de Andrade, A. L., Ziebell de Oliveira, M., Knowles, C. M., de Carvalho Bonifácio Neto, H., & Hatfield, E. (2018). Modelos relacionales y conflicto trabajo-familia: un estudio con muestras de Brasil y los Estados Unidos de América. Ciencias Psicológicas, 12(2), 167–176.