Definiciones para “cuidados paliativos”, “final de vida” y “enfermedad terminal” en oncología: scoping review

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22235/ech.v9i2.2317

Palabras clave:

Cuidados paliativos, enfermedad critica, cuidados paliativos al final de la vida, oncología médica, investigación cualitativa

Resumen

Objetivo: Identificar y mapear las definiciones de cuidados paliativos, fin de vida y enfermedad terminal en la literatura en oncología. Materiales y método: scoping review basada en los supuestos del  Joanna Briggs Institute. Se analizaron 51 artículos originales, publicados entre 2012 y 2017, indexados en las bases de datos PubmedWeb of Science y Scopus.  Se consultaron los sitios web de 25 sociedades de cuidados paliativos de los países mejor clasificados en The Economist's Quality of Death Ranking. Los datos fueron analizados a través de estadística descriptiva y se resumieron por temas, en este caso, las definiciones. Resultados: enfermedad terminal se trata de una enfermedad con tiempo de vida que oscila entre horas y meses; hay un empeoramiento clínico; deterioro funcional y la presencia de metástasis. Los cuidados paliativos tienen por propósito la calidad de vida y la dignidad. El final de la vida comprende el período de hasta 12 meses antes de la muerte. Conclusiones: se ha construido síntesis y definiciones para los conceptos investigados, siendo posible contribuir para adopción de un lenguaje estandarizado en los cuidados e investigaciones junto a los pacientes oncológicos en fin de vida.

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Publicado

2020-10-22

Cómo citar

Cordeiro , F. R. ., Griebeler Oliveira , S. ., Zeppini Giudice , J. ., Pellegrini Fernandes , V. ., & Timm Oliveira, A. . . (2020). Definiciones para “cuidados paliativos”, “final de vida” y “enfermedad terminal” en oncología: scoping review. Enfermería: Cuidados Humanizados, 9(2), 205-228. https://doi.org/10.22235/ech.v9i2.2317

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