EL LUGAR SOCIAL DEL CONOCIMIENTO ENFERMERO: LOS EDITORIALES CIENTÍFICOS COMO ARTEFACTOS LINGÜÍSTICOS DESDE LA PERSPECTIVA DE MICHEL DE CERTEAU

Palabras clave: Enfermería, Conocimiento, Producción, Revistas Científicas, Michel de Certau

Resumen

El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar el proceso de producción del conocimiento enfermero. Este propósito se ha acometido desde una perspectiva filosófica, basada en el concepto de lugar social desarrollado por Michel de Certeau. El lugar social incluye la dimensión institucional, los procedimientos utilizados para generar conocimiento y los valores que lo sostienen. Para aplicar este marco epistemológico a la enfermería, los autores se han centrado en el estudio del Journal of Nursing Scholarship (JNS), a través de un análisis textual en el que se han estudiado los editoriales escritos por Susan Gennaro en JNS desde 2007 hasta mayo de 2018, aplicandoles las categorías epistemológicas certeaunianas. Después de una lectura atenta es posible afirmar que JNS puede ser visto como una institución del conocimiento, que mantiene una estrecha relación con el poder, establece acuerdos con autores y revisores, y que escribe su propio discurso sobre la realidad. También han sido identificados los procedimientos clave que marcan cómo ha de ser escrito un artículo para JNS. Finalmente, la práctica, la significación social, la eficiencia, la universalidad, la buena ciencia y el liderazgo han aparecido como los principales valores de JNS. Las aportaciones de este trabajo pueden ayudar a los enfermeros a comprender que ningún conocimiento (ni los artefactos lingüísticos asociados al mismo) está completamente libre de influencias sociales.

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Publicado
2019-08-16
Sección
Artículos Originales