Perfil de métodos en intentos de suicidio: tendencias e implicancias para la prevención. Jujuy, noroeste de Argentina

Palabras clave: métodos, intento de suicidio, sexo, edad, prevención

Resumen

Se realizó la primera descripción del perfil de métodos en intentos suicidas en Jujuy (Argentina) y se discutieron sus implicancias para prevención. El estudio fue epidemiológico, transversal. Se incluyeron todos los intentos suicidas asistidos psicológicamente durante dos bienios en el Servicio de Guardia del principal hospital (n = 481). Usar un solo método fue prevalente (84%) en todas las franjas etarias y ambos sexos, pero combinar métodos caracterizó a masculinos (p< .05). Auto-envenenamiento con medicamentos (39.8%) y auto-lesión mediante cortes (27.3%) fueron los más frecuentes en ambos sexos. Métodos no violentos fueron prevalentes en ambos sexos, aunque masculinos tendieron a usar métodos más violentos y potencialmente más letales. Algunos métodos de los hallados podrían ser objeto de intervenciones preventivas que limiten su disponibilidad (e.g. medicamentos, especialmente psicofármacos, bebidas alcohólicas, lugares de salto, armas de fuego). En cambio, otros métodos (e.g. ahorcamiento, gases, productos de limpieza, etc.) parecen de difícil restricción.

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Publicado
2019-09-30
Sección
ARTÍCULOS ORIGINALES