Impacto de la banda ancha en la actividad innovadora: evidencia desde América Latina

Juan Jung


Resumen. El presente articulo pretende estudiar si la adopcion y el uso de banda ancha impactan positivamente en la propension a innovar, en el caso de una muestra de empresas de America Latina.
Para ello se utiliza una base de datos de encuestas a empresas realizadas por el Banco Mundial en 2006 y 2010. A partir de estos datos se estiman, para diversas medidas de actividad innovadora, modelos econometricos que controlan la potencial endogenidad entre las variables de innovacion y banda ancha.
Los resultados sugieren, para la muestra relevada, que el hecho de acceder a una conexion de banda ancha y utilizarla en forma intensa genera para las empresas de la region incrementos considerables en la probabilidad de introducir nuevos procesos, nuevos productos, y en patentar internacionalmente. El control de la endogenidad incrementa significativamente el resultado del impacto atribuido a la banda ancha, lo que es consistente con otros estudios de la literatura. El motivo podria ser la presencia de factores inobservables que influencien la actividad innovadora, pero que esten negativamente correlacionados con la disponibilidad de banda ancha.

Palabras clave

innovación; banda ancha; nternet

Texto completo:



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Cuaderno de Economía. ISSN 1688-3519    email:   Departamento de Economía, Universidad Católica del Uruguay