Altruismo y empatía en situaciones que implican costos personales imprevisibles

  • Débora Alves de Amorim
  • Leonardo Rodrigues Sampaio
  • Guilherme Ribeiro Eulálio Cabral

Resumen

El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar la influencia de los sentimientos empáticos sobre el comportamiento altruista de jóvenes adultos. 60 estudiantes de 18 a 35 años de edad participaron de un experimento en el que tuvieron que decidir dar o no rifas a una persona desconocida, después de participar en un juego de azar. Los biletes se obtuvieron después de ganar un concurso de memoria. 30 participantes fueron asignados a una condición experimental denominada "neutral", en la cual tomaron libremente sus decisiones distributivas, y los otros 30 fueron asignados a una condición "emocional", durante la cual se indujeron sentimientos empáticos, utilizando un video. Los resultados indicaron que el sexo de los participantes y la manipulación experimental influyó en el comportamiento del juego, dejando a los participantes en la "condición emocional" más propensos al comportamiento altruista que los participantes en la condición "neutral". Además, los hombres ayudaron más en una condición de alto costo que las mujeres. Estos resultados apuntan a que la influencia de la preocupación empática sobre el comportamiento altruista en una situación que implica riesgo, podría estar mediada por el sexo y que las relaciones entre estas variables necesitan ser mejor observadas en estudios sobre el comportamiento distributivo.

Citas

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Publicado
2018-05-07
Cómo citar
ALVES DE AMORIM, Débora; RODRIGUES SAMPAIO, Leonardo; EULÁLIO CABRAL, Guilherme Ribeiro. Altruismo y empatía en situaciones que implican costos personales imprevisibles. Ciencias Psicológicas, [S.l.], p. 7-15, may 2018. ISSN 1688-4221. Disponible en: <http://revistas.ucu.edu.uy/index.php/cienciaspsicologicas/article/view/1589>. Fecha de acceso: 21 sep. 2018 doi: https://doi.org/10.22235/cp.v12i1.1589.
Sección
ARTÍCULOS ORIGINALES