FACTORES PSICOPATOLÓGICOS DE RIESGO EN INTENTOS DE SUICIDIO

  • Lorena Cecilia López Steinmetz Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET). Departamento de Docencia e Investigación, Hospital Psiquiátrico Dr. Néstor M. Sequeiros, Jujuy.

Resumen

Este estudio caracterizó el factor psicopatológico de riesgo en intentos suicidas asistidos en el servicio de urgencia de un hospital general de Jujuy, Argentina. El estudio fue de tipo epidemiológico, de diseño descriptivo transversal. Las fuentes de datos fueron los registros de asistencias psicológicas durante 2007-2008 y 2011-2012. Del total de intentos suicidas (N = 481), el 19.54% había intentado suicidarse anteriormente, mientras que el 28.07% tenía diagnóstico de trastorno mental, de los cuales el 56.30% recibía tratamiento al momento del intento suicida. Trastornos del ánimo, especialmente depresivos, y Trastornos relacionados con sustancias fueron los diagnósticos más frecuentes. Se hallaron diferencias significativas según marcadores demográficos (sexo-edad) que deben ser consideradas en investigaciones futuras. Los resultados mostraron que el factor psicopatológico de riesgo suicida es mucho menos prevalente en la casuística local comparado con reportes en poblaciones foráneas. Los hallazgos relativizan la importancia del factor psicopatológico de riesgo en intentos suicidas.

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Publicado
2017-05-15
Cómo citar
LÓPEZ STEINMETZ, Lorena Cecilia. FACTORES PSICOPATOLÓGICOS DE RIESGO EN INTENTOS DE SUICIDIO. Ciencias Psicológicas, [S.l.], p. 89-100, may 2017. ISSN 1688-4221. Disponible en: <http://revistas.ucu.edu.uy/index.php/cienciaspsicologicas/article/view/1350>. Fecha de acceso: 23 oct. 2017 doi: https://doi.org/10.22235/cp.v11i2.1350.
Sección
ARTÍCULOS ORIGINALES

Palabras clave

: intento de suicidio; factores de riesgo; psicopatología; autolisis; urgencias médicas