¿Son los índices caninos mandibular y maxilar herramientas fidedignas para la determinación del sexo?

  • Verónica Gargano Universidad de la República (UdelaR)
  • Alicia Picapedra Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba UNICAMP/SP (Brasil). Universidad de la República (UdelaR)
  • Carlos Sassi Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba UNICAMP/SP (Brasil). Universidad de la República (UdelaR)
  • Laíse Nascimento Correia Lima Universidade Federal do Maranhão– UFMA (Brasil) Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba –UNICAMP/SP.
  • Ramón Álvarez Universidad de la República (UdelaR)
  • Luiz Francesquini Júnior Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba – UNICAMP/SP (Brasil)
  • Eduardo Daruge Júnior Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba – UNICAMP/SP (Brasil)

Resumen

RESUMEN. Los dientes, elementos medulares del sistema estomatognático, se erigen como una espléndida materia prima para investigaciones paleontológicas, arqueológicas, antropológicas, genéticas y forenses, dada su colosal resistencia a las más extremas condiciones intra vitam y/o post mortem. La información relativa a su tamaño ha permitido la aplicación de procedimientos tendientes a estimar la edad y determinar el sexo, contribuyendo así, con el propio proceso de identificación humana. Objetivos: este estudio buscó verificar si los índices caninos mandibular y maxilar, constituían instrumentos confiables y válidos para la determinación del sexo, en una muestra uruguaya. Metodología: se trató de un análisis odontométrico de 1000 modelos de yeso (475 superiores – 238 de individuos del sexo femenino y 237 del masculino -, y 525 inferiores – 261 y 264 -, respectivamente), pertenecientes a pacientes, con edades comprendidas entre 18 y 60 años, asistidos en una clínica de ortodoncia de la ciudad de Montevideo, Uruguay, consistente en las mediciones del diámetro mesiodistal de los caninos y la distancia intercanina, y el cálculo de los correspondientes índices caninos. Resultados: La tasa de acierto global fue del 45.9% para el índice canino mandibular y del 50.52% para su homólogo superior. Conclusiones: los índices caninos mandibular y maxilar no permitieron una determinación segura del sexo en la muestra cuestionada.

Biografía del autor

Doctora en Odontología, Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay.

Doctora en Odontología y Asistente del Servicio de Registro, Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay.

Especialista e Mestre em Odontologia Legal e Deontologia pela Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba UNICAMP/SP (Brasil).

Especialista en Ortodoncia, Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay.

Doctor en Odontología, Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay.

Especialista e Mestre em Odontologia Legal e Deontologia pela Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba – UNICAMP/SP (Brasil).

Professora de Odontologia Legal da Professora de Odontologia Legal da Universidade Federal do Maranhão– UFMA (Brasil). Especialista e Mestre em Odontologia Legal e Deontologia pela Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba –UNICAMP/SP.

Máster en Epidemiología y Profesor Agregado del Instituto de
Estadística, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Administración de la Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay.

Profesor Agregado del Servicio de Epidemiología y Estadística, Cátedra de Odontología Social, Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay

Especialista e Mestre em Odontologia Legal e Deontologia pela Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba – UNICAMP/SP (Brasil).
Doutor em Radiologia Odontológica e Doutor em Clínica Odontológica pela Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba – UNICAMP/SP.

Livre Docente em Odontologia Legal e Deontologia pela Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba – UNICAMP/SP. Professor da Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba – UNICAMP/SP.

Livre Docente em Odontologia Legal e Deontologia pela Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba – UNICAMP/SP (Brasil).

Titular de Odontologia Legal e Deontologia da Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba – UNICAMP/SP.

Coordenador do Curso de Especialização em Odontologia Legal da Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba –
UNICAMP/SP.

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Publicado
2016-03-21
Cómo citar
GARGANO, Verónica et al. ¿Son los índices caninos mandibular y maxilar herramientas fidedignas para la determinación del sexo?. Actas Odontológicas (Publicación discontinuada), [S.l.], v. 11, n. 2, p. 22--34, mar. 2016. ISSN 2393-6304. Disponible en: <http://revistas.ucu.edu.uy/index.php/actasodontologicas/article/view/958>. Fecha de acceso: 16 july 2019 doi: https://doi.org/10.22235/ao.v11i2.958.

Palabras clave

antropología dental; odontometría; índice canino; dimorfismo sexual; odontología legal